bookmark_borderStopped jobs in linux

When using CTRL-Z to “exit” a program, you really are not exiting it. You are suspending it. (Multitasking, remember?)

To see the list of stopped jobs, type jobs

To bring the last stopped job up again, and resume its execution, type fg

You can also get the job number from the jobs  listing, and put it after fg like this: fg 1

Some programs can be quit with CTRL-C, while others have a specific key, like Q that must be pressed.

bookmark_borderProper way to set file permissions

For each parent directory leading to your web root (e.g. ~/my~/my/web~/my/web/root):

  • chmod go-rwx DIR (nobody other than owner can access content)
  • chmod go+x DIR (to allow “users” including _www to “enter” the dir)
  • sudo chgrp -R _www ~/my/web/root (all web content is now group _www)
  • chmod -R go-rwx ~/my/web/root (nobody other than owner can access web content)
  • chmod -R g+rx ~/my/web/root (all web content is now readable/executable/enterable by _www)

 

Taken from http://stackoverflow.com/questions/2001881/correct-owner-group-permissions-for-apache-2-site-files-folders-under-mac-os-x

bookmark_borderAdding vhosts in Apache

On a native install on Mac, to add a vhost:

If you haven’t done this one time step, do this first to enable vhosts:

sudo nano /etc/apache2/httpd.conf

Then uncomment the line that includes the vhost config file:

# Virtual hosts
#Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

becomes:

# Virtual hosts
Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

(Remove # before Include)

Hint: To quickly find the line, use ctrl-w in nano to search for "Virtual hosts"

 

 

Next add an entry to the hosts file

sudo nano /etc/hosts

To add dev.localhost, do this:

127.0.0.1       localhost dev.localhost

Next, do this:

sudo nano /etc/apache2/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

Then add a new entry for dev.localhost:
(This is for Apache 2.2)

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName dev.localhost
    DocumentRoot "path goes here"
    ServerAdmin email@domain.com
          <Directory "/path goes here">
                  Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
                  AllowOverride All
                  Order allow,deny
                  Allow from all
          </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

(This is for Apache 2.4)

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName dev.localhost
    DocumentRoot "path goes here"
    ServerAdmin email@domain.com
          <Directory "/path goes here">
                  Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
                  AllowOverride All
                  Require all granted
          </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

[Note the subtle differences between Apache 2.2, and 2.4. More info here ]

 

Also, be sure to remove the two dummy-host entries if they are there. Otherwise, you’ll get a warning about them not being found when you restart apache.